Abstract: It is estimated that three to five million sports injuries occur worldwide each year. The
highest incidence is reported during competition periods with mainly affectation of the musculoskeletal tissue. For appropriate nutritional management and correct use of nutritional supplements, it
is important to individualize based on clinical effects and know the adaptive response during the
rehabilitation phase after a sports injury in athletes. Therefore, the aim of this PRISMA in Exercise,
Rehabilitation, Sport Medicine and Sports Science PERSiST-based systematic integrative review was
to perform an update on nutritional strategies during the rehabilitation phase of musculoskeletal
injuries in elite athletes. After searching the following databases: PubMed/Medline, Scopus, PEDro,
and Google Scholar, a total of 18 studies met the inclusion criteria (Price Index: 66.6%).